Different Types of Cable in Networking
Different Types of Cable in Networking

Different Types of Cable in Networking

Different Types of Cable in Networking:- Networking cables are used to connect two or more devices such as a computer, printer, scanner, etc. to share the data, information, and resources to each other. There are Different Types of Cable in Networking that are used for different purposes and medium. To know more about the Different Types of Cable in Networking keep reading this article till the end.

Types of Cable in Networking

There are mainly three types of Cable these are the following:

  • Coaxial Cable
  • Twisted Pair Cable
  • Fibre Optics Cable

Coaxial Cable

Coaxial cable is a Types of Cable that has an inner conductor surrounded by a tubular insulating layer which is used as telephone trunk lines, broadband internet networking, carrying television signals and a connecting radio transmitter and receivers to their antennas.

Coaxial cable
Coaxial Cable

Thick Coaxial cable

10BASE5 is a Types of Cable which is also known as thick Ethernet or thicket. The name 10BASE5 is derived from several characteristics of the physical medium. In 10BASE5, 10 refers to its transmission speed which is 10Mbit/second and the BASE is short for baseband signaling which is opposite to broadband, and the 5 stands for the maximum segment length of 500 meters (1,600ft).

Thin Coaxial cable

10BASE2 is a Types of Cable which is also known as a cheaper net, thin Ethernet, and thinnet. The name 10BASE2 is derived from the several characteristics of the physical medium. In the 10BASE2, 10 comes from the maximum transmission speed of 10 Mbit/second and the BASE is short for the baseband signaling, and 2 refers to the maximum segment length of 200 meters.

Uses of Coaxial Cable

  • Short coaxial cables are used for implementing the computer networks(thick 10BASE5 and thin 10BASE2).
  • Long-distance coaxial cable was used in the 20th century to connect television networks, radio networks, and the long-distance telephone networks.
  • Micro coaxial cables are used in a range of military equipment, consumer devices and also in ultrasound scanning equipment.
  • Coaxial cable is often used to carry data/signals from an antenna to the receiver– from a satellite dish to a satellite receiver, and from television antenna to a television receiver.

Twisted Pair Cable

Twisted pair cable is a Types of Cable in which two conductors of a single circuit are twisted together for the purpose of improving electromagnetic compatibility. It reduces the electromagnetic radiation from the pair and crosstalk between neighboring pairs and improves the rejection of external electromagnetic interference. It was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.

Twisted pair cable
Twisted pair cable

There are two types of Twisted pair cable.

  1. Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP)
  2. Shielded Twisted Pair (STP)

Unshielded Twisted Pair Cable Types

Unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cables are the most common cable used in computer networking as an ethernet cable for the data transmission from one device to another device. It is used for short and medium-length connections because of its relatively lower cost compared to the optical fiber and coaxial cable.

Shielded Twisted Pair Cable Types

Twisted pair cable is shielded in an attempt to prevent electromagnetic interference. Shielding provides an electrically conductive barrier to attenuate electromagnetic waves external to the shield and provides a conduction path by which induced currents can be circulated and returned to the source via ground reference connection.

Fiber Optic Cable

A Fiber Optic Cable is also known by the “Optical fiber Cable”. It is similar to an electrical cable, but containing one or more optical fibers that are used to carry light. The elements of the optical fiber are generally coated with plastic layers and contained in a protective tube suitable for the environment where the cable will be deployed.

Fiber Optic Cable
Fiber Optic Cable

The optical fiber contained a core and cladding layer, selected for total internal reflection due to the difference in the refractive index.

There are two main types of material glass and plastic are used for the optical fiber. They allow widely different characteristics and find uses in a very different application.

The jacket or buffer on the patch chords is often color-coded to identify the type of fiber used.

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