You were searching “What Happens When A Router Receives A Packet With A Ttl Of 0”, well you are at right place.
When a router receives a packet with a TTL of 0 the router dabs the packet. And later it sends a packet back to the Host address using an ICMP TTL. Now let us discuss the concept of transistor-based logic. We already have an idea about logic operators, gates, etc. These gates are constructed using the transistors. The majority of computer logic is consists of not logic. A NAND gate is a combination of both NAND logic or it is NOR logic. The NAND and NOR use the NPN transistors as opposed to the PNP transistors.
These are a little more tricky to work with. These make things easier to deal and the other reason is the saturation voltages and the saturation currents and the current handling nodes are simpler and they are easy to work than the PMV transistors. so it makes the whole concept much easier to understand. The below figure represents the NPN transistor.
It consists of a base-collector and emitter and always see a circle around the component. When the figure is seen without the circle, then it is called the NPN transistor. Let us discuss the NAND logic, it is the majority logic, we use in rarely. The below figure represents the NAND logic. The transistor layout for this has the same voltage. It consists of two transistors that close to the ground. The below figure is the transistor layout for the NOR.
The NOT uses only one transistor, it consists of a voltage, and the other side is attached to the ground. Each gate has its different transistor layouts. Let us know the schematics for all these gates. All these are the logical family can be built by using bipolar junction transistors.
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